Arica

Chile


Situated only 12 kilometres from the Peruvian border, this city might be your first or the last experience of Chile. Also called the city of eternal spring, Arica offers a mild warm climate with beautiful beaches and flowering parks. You can either relax on the beach or experience a very active night life in this city. Arica is a good starting point for exploring Chile's most northern National Park, Parque Nacional Lauca. The park has the absolutely beautiful Chungará Lake containing an abundance of wildlife including vicuña, alpaca, ñandu and wild chinchilla, and also some volcanoes and even the highest mountain lake in the world. In Aymara, the word Arica means new opening.


History

Arica has always been an important place in the region because of the water supply provided by the river Lluta. Its history dates back to about 6000 BC, when it was inhabited by the first settlers, native tribes, who grew corn, squash and cotton and also did basic pottery. Throughout time the people living in the area were part of the Bolivian Tíhuanaco culture and later fell under the dominance of the Incas. After the Spaniards arrived, Arica was witness to Diego Almagro's arduous expedition to Chile.

During the nineteen century Arica was an important port due to the nitrate mines of Potosí. Until today it maintains its position as an important location for business for the Aymara and Quechua people living inland. They come to the city to trade their handmade products. The city became a part of Chile during the War of the Pacific. Currently, the town has a population of about 160,000 and it is known as a popular Chilean summer resort. Arica is a developing seaside resort, with golden sand dunes, miles of seashore, duty-free shopping and lively nightlife.


What to do

Museo Arqueológico is a must. There you can learn about the Chinchorro mummies. The mummies date back to at least 5000BC, more than 2 thousand years before the Egyptians began mummification. The techniques that they applied to mummification are elaborate and show maintenance, remarkable for a simple hunter gather lifestyle.

Iglesia de San Marcos the church was designed by Gustave Eiffel and fabricated completely of iron in France before being brought to Arica (which at the time was not part of Chile) to be constructed. It has a Gothic spire and is white and airey, unlike most churches in South America.

El Morro a high cliff at the end of the coastal mountain range. Climb to the top for a beautiful view any way you look.

Playa Chinchorro, the beach is clean and spacious, a perfect place to relax. You can also rent jetskis during the summer.

La Ruta de la Aceituna (The Olive Route): visit the bodegas where the olives are kept until maturation, learn about the process of growing olives and making olive oil. The information office will also arrange tours of the local museums and give incite into the local culture, the Aymara people. www.rutadellaacietuna.com


Getting There

By Air: Aeropuerto Chacalluta, north of the city, handles domestic flights from Santiago and other Chilean cities, plus international flights to and from Peru and Bolivia.

By Land: The Pan-American Highway connects Arica to Peru and other Chilean cities. Bus services, either domestic, or international to and from Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina are available.

There is a train service to Peru via Tacna, and to La Paz, Bolivia. The train to La Paz offers limited seating, and it's best to make reservations at least a week ahead during the summer months.

By Sea: In addition to being a commercial port, Arica is also a port-of-call for many cruise ships which offer day-trip excursions inland as well as city tours.

Private sailboats and yachts berth at the marina.


When to Go

Arica's mild climate, with year-round warm temperatures, gardens and parks brimming with luxuriant flora have earned Arica the name City of Eternal Spring.

Any time of year is okay for visiting Arica itself, but bus travel from other countries may be affected by weather over the Andes. The coastal fog, called camanchaca, brings welcome moisture to desert plants and burns off early in the day.


Shopping Tips

As a duty-free port, Arica offers shoppers a number of bargains.

The main shopping street is 21 de Mayo.

Handicrafts markets at Feria Sangra and the Sunday open-air market on the Costanera also have goods from Peruvian and Bolivian vendors.

The Pueblo Artesanal of Azapa Valley, offers ceramics, knitted garments, pottery, stone carvings and other handicrafts in a replica of Paricanota.


Food and Drink

Chile's long seacoast offers exceptional seafood. Arica is no exception. Try Terminal Pesquero for great fresh seafood, and a view of fishing boats and birds. Local fruits and vegetables including olives are also a must eat while in Arica.



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